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Weed communities respond to changes in the diversity of crop sequence composition and double cropping

Colaborador(es): Andrade, José Francisco. Cátedra de Cerealicultura, Facultad de Agronomíıa, IFEVA, CONICET, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina | Satorre, Emilio Horacio. AACREA - Asociación Argentina de Consorcios Regionales de Experimentación Agríıcola, Buenos Aires, Argentina | Ermacora, César Matías. AACREA - Asociación Argentina de Consorcios Regionales de Experimentación Agríıcola, Buenos Aires, Argentina | Poggio, Santiago Luis. Cátedra de Producción Vegetal, Facultad de Agronomía, IFEVA, CONICET, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
ISSN: 0043-1737.Tipo de material: Artículos y capítulos. Recurso electrónico.Tema(s): CROP COVER | CROP SEQUENCE | CROP ROTATION | CROPPING SYSTEM | DOUBLE CROPPING | RESOURCE USE | WEED SHIFTS | Recursos en línea: Haga clic para acceso en línea | LINK AL EDITOR En: Weed research Vol.57, no.3 (2017), p.148-158, tbls., grafs.Resumen: Agricultural intensification, besides increasing land productivity, also affects weed communities. We studied weed shifts in cropping sequences differing in the identity and number of crops grown. We also evaluated whether dissimilar weed communities in different cropping systems converge towards more similar communities, when the same sequence is cropped during 2 years. In three locations in the Rolling Pampa, Argentina, field experiments were conducted including five cropping systems in the first year (winter cereal/ soyabean, field pea/soyabean, and field pea/maize double crops, and maize and soyabean as single crops), while the same sequence was grown in the following 2 years (wheat/soyabean double crop and maize). Changes in weed community composition and structure were analysed through multivariate analyses and frequency–species ranking plots. Weed communities differed first among sites, while weed shifts within each site were mainly associated with growing season and crop type. Differences among crop sequences were higher in the first year, mostly related to specific crop grown, rather than to the number of crops in the sequences. Differences were reduced when the same sequence was grown during two consecutive seasons. Frequency of highly common weeds was negatively associated with the number of days with high crop cover. Our findings contribute to understand weed shifts in consecutive growing seasons, which may help readapting crop sequences to reduce the occurrence of abundant weed species.
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Agricultural intensification, besides increasing land productivity, also affects weed communities. We studied weed shifts in cropping sequences differing in the identity and number of crops grown. We also evaluated whether dissimilar weed communities in different cropping systems converge towards more similar communities, when the same sequence is cropped during
2 years. In three locations in the Rolling Pampa, Argentina, field experiments were conducted including five cropping systems in the first year (winter cereal/ soyabean, field pea/soyabean, and field pea/maize double crops, and maize and soyabean as single crops), while the same sequence was grown in the following 2 years (wheat/soyabean double crop and maize).
Changes in weed community composition and structure were analysed through multivariate analyses and frequency–species ranking plots. Weed communities differed first among sites, while weed shifts within each site were mainly associated with growing season and crop type. Differences among crop sequences were higher in the first year, mostly related to specific crop grown, rather than to the number of crops in the
sequences. Differences were reduced when the same sequence was grown during two consecutive seasons.
Frequency of highly common weeds was negatively associated with the number of days with high crop cover. Our findings contribute to understand weed shifts in consecutive growing seasons, which may help readapting crop sequences to reduce the occurrence of abundant weed species.

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