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A role for LAX2 in regulating xylem development and lateral - vein symmetry in the leaf

Colaborador(es): Moreno Piovano, G. S. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas. Instituto de Agrobiotecnología del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina. CONICET - Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina | Moreno, Javier E. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas. Instituto de Agrobiotecnología del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina. CONICET - Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina | Cabello, Julieta V. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas. Instituto de Agrobiotecnología del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina. CONICET - Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina | Arce, Agustin L. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas. Instituto de Agrobiotecnología del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina. CONICET - Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina | Otegui, María Elena. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Buenos Aires, Argentina. CONICET - Universidad de Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires, Argentina | Chan, Raquel L. Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas. Instituto de Agrobiotecnología del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina. CONICET - Universidad Nacional del Litoral. Santa Fe, Argentina.
ISSN: 1095-8290.Tipo de material: Artículos y capítulos. Recurso electrónico.Tema(s): AUXIN INFLUX CARRIERS | HD-ZIP I | HAHB4 | LAX2 | VENATION SYMMETRY | VASCULAR PATTERNING | XYLEM ORGANIZATION | Recursos en línea: Haga clic para acceso en línea | LINK AL EDITOR En: Annals of botany vol.120, no.4 (2017), p.577–590, grafs., tbls., fot.Resumen: Background and Aims The symmetry of venation patterning in leaves is highly conserved within a plant species. Auxins are involved in this process and also in xylem vasculature development. Studying transgenic Arabidopsis plants ectopically expressing the sunflower transcription factor HaHB4, it was observed that there was a significant lateral-vein asymmetry in leaves and in xylem formation compared to wild type plants. To unravel the molecular mechanisms behind this phenotype, genes differentially expressed in these plants and related to auxin influx were investigated. Methods Candidate genes responsible for the observed phenotypes were selected using a co-expression analysis. Single and multiple mutants in auxin influx carriers were characterized by morphological, physiological and molecular techniques. The analysis was further complemented by restoring the wild type (WT) phenotype by mutant complementation studies and using transgenic soybean plants ectopically expressing HaHB4. Key Results LAX2, down-regulated in HaHB4 transgenic plants, was bioinformatically chosen as a candidate gene. The quadruple mutant aux1 lax1 lax2 lax3 and the single mutants, except lax1, presented an enhanced asymmetry in venation patterning. Additionally, the xylem vasculature of the lax2 mutant and the HaHB4-expressing plants differed from the WT vasculature, including increased xylem length and number of xylem cell rows. Complementation of the lax2 mutant with the LAX2 gene restored both lateral-vein symmetry and xylem/stem area ratio in the stem, showing that auxin homeostasis is required to achieve normal vascular development. Interestingly, soybean plants ectopically expressing HaHB4 also showed an increased asymmetry in the venation patterning, accompanied by the repression of several GmLAX genes. Conclusions Auxin influx carriers have a significant role in leaf venation pattering in leaves and, in particular, LAX2 is required for normal xylem development, probablt controlling auxin homeostasis.
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Background and Aims The symmetry of venation patterning in leaves is highly conserved within a plant species. Auxins are involved in this process and also in xylem vasculature development. Studying transgenic Arabidopsis plants ectopically expressing the sunflower transcription factor HaHB4, it was observed that there was a significant lateral-vein asymmetry in leaves and in xylem formation compared to wild type plants. To unravel the molecular mechanisms behind this phenotype, genes differentially expressed in these plants and related to auxin influx were investigated.
Methods Candidate genes responsible for the observed phenotypes were selected using a co-expression analysis. Single and multiple mutants in auxin influx carriers were characterized by morphological, physiological and molecular techniques. The analysis was further complemented by restoring the wild type (WT) phenotype by mutant complementation studies and using transgenic soybean plants ectopically expressing HaHB4.
Key Results LAX2, down-regulated in HaHB4 transgenic plants, was bioinformatically chosen as a candidate gene. The quadruple mutant aux1 lax1 lax2 lax3 and the single mutants, except lax1, presented an enhanced asymmetry in venation patterning. Additionally, the xylem vasculature of the lax2 mutant and the HaHB4-expressing plants differed from the WT vasculature, including increased xylem length and number of xylem cell rows. Complementation of the lax2 mutant with the LAX2 gene restored both lateral-vein symmetry and xylem/stem area ratio in the stem, showing that auxin homeostasis is required to achieve normal vascular development. Interestingly, soybean plants ectopically expressing HaHB4 also showed an increased asymmetry in the venation patterning, accompanied by the repression of several GmLAX genes.
Conclusions Auxin influx carriers have a significant role in leaf venation pattering in leaves and, in particular, LAX2 is required for normal xylem development, probablt controlling auxin homeostasis.

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