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Stability of ecosystem functioning and diversity of grasslands at the landscape scale

Colaborador(es): Aragón, Roxana | Oesterheld, Martín | Irisarri, Jorge Gonzalo Nicolás | Texeira, Marcos A.
ISSN: 0921-2973.Tipo de material: Artículos y capítulos. Recurso electrónico.Tema(s): ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING | EQUITABILITY | EVI | FLOODING PAMPA | INSURANCE HYPOTHESIS | PATAGONIAN MEADOW | PRIMARY PRODUCTIVITY | RICHNESS | STATISTICAL AVERAGING | TEMPORAL VARIABILITY | COVARIANCE ANALYSIS | ECOSYSTEM FUNCTION | FLOODING | GRASSLAND | LANDSCAPE ECOLOGY | LANDSCAPE STRUCTURE | PRIMARY PRODUCTION | SPECIES RICHNESS | TEMPORAL VARIATION | ARGENTINA | PAMPAS | PATAGONIA | Recursos en línea: Haga clic para acceso en línea | LINK AL EDITOR. En: Landscape Ecology vol.26, no.7 (2011) p.1011-1022Resumen: Diversity often increases ecosystem functioning and enhances stability, but this relationship has been evaluated at the community scale and considering, for the most part, only species richness. Here, we explored the relationship between landscape diversity and either the coefficient of variation or the interannual standard deviation of greenness in Pampean grasslands and Patagonian meadows, and tried to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the resulting patterns. The coefficient of variation decreased with increasing landscape richness in Pampas but remained constant in Patagonia, while the interannual standard deviation of greenness decreased in both regions. The diversity-variability relationship in Pampean grasslands was largely accounted for by the mechanism of statistical averaging, while in Patagonian meadows, it was accounted for by a combination of statistical averaging, mean-variance rescaling and positive covariation of landscape units. There were no cases of negative covariance among landscape units. This is the first demonstration that landscape diversity increases stability of ecosystem functioning.
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Diversity often increases ecosystem functioning and enhances stability, but this relationship has been evaluated at the community scale and considering, for the most part, only species richness. Here, we explored the relationship between landscape diversity and either the coefficient of variation or the interannual standard deviation of greenness in Pampean grasslands and Patagonian meadows, and tried to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the resulting patterns. The coefficient of variation decreased with increasing landscape richness in Pampas but remained constant in Patagonia, while the interannual standard deviation of greenness decreased in both regions. The diversity-variability relationship in Pampean grasslands was largely accounted for by the mechanism of statistical averaging, while in Patagonian meadows, it was accounted for by a combination of statistical averaging, mean-variance rescaling and positive covariation of landscape units. There were no cases of negative covariance among landscape units. This is the first demonstration that landscape diversity increases stability of ecosystem functioning.

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