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The role of social capital and collective actions in natural capital conservation and management

Colaborador(es): Auer, A. CONICET. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Centro Regional Buenos Aires Sur. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce (EEA Balcarce). Balcarce, Buenos Aires, Argentina | Von Below, J. CONICET. Buenos Aires, Argentina. CONICET - Instituto de Biología Subtropical (Nodo Iguazú). Iguazú, Misiones, Argentina | Nahuelhual, Laura. Universidad Austral de Chile. Centro de Investigación en Dinámica de Ecosistemas Marinos de Altas Latitudes. Campus Isla Teja, Valdivia, Chile. Universidad Austral de Chile. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Administrativas. Instituto de Economía. Campus Isla Teja, Valdivia, Chile. Universidad Austral de Chile. Centro Transdisciplinario de Estudios Ambientales. Campus Isla Teja, Valdivia, Chile. Fundación Bariloche. San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina | Mastrángelo, Matías Enrique. CONICET. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata. Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias. Balcarce, Buenos Aires, Argentina | González, A. CONICET. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Centro Regional Buenos Aires Sur. Estación Experimental Agropecuaria Balcarce (EEA Balcarce). Balcarce, Buenos Aires, Argentina | Gluch, M. Fundación Bariloche. San Carlos de Bariloche, Río Negro, Argentina | Vallejos, María. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos y Sistemas de Información. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA). Colonia, Uruguay | Staiano, L. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos y Sistemas de Información. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura (IFEVA). Laboratorio de Análisis Regional y Teledetección (LART) Buenos Aires, Argentina. CONICET – Universidad de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura (IFEVA). Laboratorio de Análisis Regional y Teledetección (LART) Buenos Aires, Argentina | Paruelo, José María. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Departamento de Métodos Cuantitativos y Sistemas de Información. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (INIA). Colonia, Uruguay. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Agronomía. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura (IFEVA). Laboratorio de Análisis Regional y Teledetección (LART) Buenos Aires, Argentina. CONICET – Universidad de Buenos Aires. Instituto de Investigaciones Fisiológicas y Ecológicas Vinculadas a la Agricultura (IFEVA). Laboratorio de Análisis Regional y Teledetección (LART) Buenos Aires, Argentina. Universidad de la República. Facultad de Ciencias. Instituto de Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales (IECA).Montevideo, Uruguay.
ISSN: 1462-9011.Tipo de material: Artículos y capítulos. Recurso electrónico.Tema(s): SOCIAL NETWORKS | ECOSYSTEM SERVICES | STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS | GOVERNANCE | SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS | Recursos en línea: Haga clic para acceso en línea | LINK AL EDITOR En: Environmental Science and Policy vol.107 (2020), p.168–178, grafs., tbls.Resumen: The relationships among social capital (SC) and collective actions (CA) for nature conservation and management were analyzed across five case studies characterised by specific land use dynamics in the South American continent. Data on SC and CA were obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire to groups of selected social actors. Multivariate statistical analysis was used to identify SC components and to evaluate SC across actors and cases. The results reaffirm that: i) the multidimensional nature and complexity of SC; ii) Higher levels of SC are related to higher levels of CA; iii) social actors with developed internal and external SC can better counter adverse conditions through CA compared to actors who only have one type of SC; iv) vulnerable social actors do not necessarily have a higher SC or engage in more CA, despite their higher dependence on natural resources; v) those who hold more power or influence in the territory, have higher levels of SC and CA; vi) vulnerable actors often carry out civil/community, economic and judicial actions, while dominant and structuring actors carry out more educational/technical and political actions. Therefore, the formation and maintenance of SC of the most vulnerable actors and those who support them must be a priority for political action, in order to counteract the asymmetric power relations that lead to the exclusion and marginalization of many rural actors.
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The relationships among social capital (SC) and collective actions (CA) for nature conservation and management were analyzed across five case studies characterised by specific land use dynamics in the South American continent. Data on SC and CA were obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire to groups of selected social actors. Multivariate statistical analysis was used to identify SC components and to evaluate SC across actors and cases. The results reaffirm that: i) the multidimensional nature and complexity of SC; ii) Higher levels of SC are related to higher levels of CA; iii) social actors with developed internal and external SC can better counter adverse conditions through CA compared to actors who only have one type of SC; iv) vulnerable social actors do not necessarily have a higher SC or engage in more CA, despite their higher dependence on natural resources; v) those who hold more power or influence in the territory, have higher levels of SC and CA; vi) vulnerable actors often carry out civil/community, economic and judicial actions, while dominant and structuring actors carry out more educational/technical and political actions. Therefore, the formation and maintenance of SC of the most vulnerable actors and those who support them must be a priority for political action, in order to counteract the asymmetric power relations that lead to the exclusion and marginalization of many rural actors.

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